The Black Sea is maybe the less known – and visited – sea of Europe. Beeing cut off form the western tourism for long decades, the romanian Black Sea shore is appealing and worth to visit.
The Black Sea is a sea in Southeastern Europe. It is bounded by Europe, Anatolia and the Caucasus, and drains through the Mediterranean into the Atlantic Ocean, via the Aegean Seas and various straits. The Bosphorus Strait connects it to the Sea of Marmara, and the Strait of the Dardanelles connects that sea to the Aegean Sea region of the Mediterranean. These waters separate eastern Europe and western Asia. The Black Sea is also connected to the Sea of Azov by the Strait of Kerch. The Black Sea has an area of 436,400 km2 (168,500 sq mi) (not including the Sea of Azov), a maximum depth of 2,212 m (7,257 ft),and a volume of 547,000 km3 (131,000 cu mi).The Black Sea forms in an east-west trending elliptical depression which lies between Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine. It is constrained by the Pontic Mountains to the south and by the Caucasus Mountains to the east, and features a wide shelf to the northwest. The longest east-west extent is about 1,175 km (730 mi).
The most important city , and the biggest harbor in Romania is Constanta. Constanța is one of Romania’s main industrial, commercial and tourist centers. The Port of Constanța is the largest on the Black Sea and the fourth largest in Europe. Tourism has been an increasingly important economic activity in recent years.
The romanian seacoast ist 245 km long, extendend between the Romania/Ukraina border in the north and the Romania/Bulgaria border in the south (Vama Veche). More than 160 km of the Romanian coastline ist occupied by the Danube Delta, an the remaining 80 km are the real Romanian Riviera in matters of tourism and major cities.
The A2 motorway provides a rapid road link between Constanța and Bucharest, while the A4 motorway acts as an outer traffic ringfor Constanta , diverting heavy traffic to and from the city port and to Mangalia.
Situated at the crossroads of several commercial routes, Constanța lies on the western coast of the Black Sea, 185 miles (298 km) from the Bosphorus Strait. An ancient metropolis and Romania’s largest sea port, Constanța traces its history some 2,500 years. Originally called Tomis, legend has it that Jason landed here with the Argonauts after finding the Golden Fleece.
On the northern outskirts of Constanta lies Mamaia , considered to be Romania’s most popular and expensive resort, Mamaia is situated immediately north-east of Constanţa’s city center. It has almost no full-time residents, being populated mostly during the summer. Mamaia lies on a strip of land 8 km (5.0 mi) in length and only 300 m (328 yards) in width, between the Black Sea and Lake Siutghiol.
The beach season is at its best between mid June and early September, when average daytime temperatures range between 25 to 30 degrees Celsius (78 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit). The water stays warm until mid autumn. Hotels range from mid-end to exclusive 4 and 5 stars hotels and private clubs, and the resort is the place –to-go for young people with too much money.
Mangalia is the second largest port city at the Black Sea, and has a lot to offer in tourist attractions and accommodation. Constanta lacks of beaches (there are some small sand strips, used by the locals) and the heavy industrial and commercial activities of Constanta does not help tourists to relax and get into the holiday feeling. Although, Constanta has a newly renovated pedestrian area, and on a rainy day one could visit the Delfinarium, the Casino, the Acvarium or the Museum of Naval History.
The actual holiday region is formed from a continuous row of former villages, situated on the seaside between Constanta down to Mangalia. Agigea, Eforie Nord, Eforie Sud, Costinesti, Olimp, Neptun, Venus are well established sea resorts. The 1970/1980 build hotels – refurbished and modernized in a flashy style – and some new build pensions and guesthouses are offering all kind of service and price levels you can expect.
Infrastructure – regarding parking lots, streets, sidewalks and many more aspects – need a lot of work to be done. However, the romanian seaside is enjoying more and more tourists every year, and is a traditional holiday destination for romanians and foreigners.
On the south of Mangalia are located two other holiday and sea resorts, the least known and somehow different seaside retreats. 2 Mai is offering housing and accommodation mainly in campings and private houses, and is preferred by easy going middle aged families, the kind of people that enjoy a quiet evening at the seaside but also are not afraid to visit the nudist beach.
Vama Veche is situated right before the Romania-Bulgaria border crossing, and it became the beach party rock& roll style of the young rebellious people of Romania. The here dominating feeling is a mix between constant heavy-metal party and hippie retreat, where every sin finds his sinner. Tents on the sand, fireplaces and the smell of fresh roasted fish may be a little to much for some visitors, but the environment is the most biker-friendly and easy going on the whole Romanian Riviera. The Vama Veche resort ist a place to go – if you like heavy parties and heavy metal.
Traffic in the seaside region in Romania is easy to describe – good roads, but clogged and jammed. You must consider that it can become the worst driving experience in all Romania, only because in summer times almost any romanian driver is taking a trip to the seaside, and the road system down there is not planned for such a avalanche of automobiles. It is highly recommended to go as quick and pointed from A to B, to park your motorbike on a safe spot and to enjoy your holiday at the Black Sea by letting the bike rest. There is no driving fun – streets are not just overcrowded, but there is also great danger of accidents, due to heavy traffic and sometimes drunk drivers (holiday feeling at its worst).
However, the romanian Black Sea coast is worth visiting, and anybody can enjoy a swim in the Black Sea, a boat trip out in the open sea or a sunrise at Vama Veche, after a long and hard beach party.