The Carpathian Mountains or Carpathians are a range of mountains forming an arc roughly 1,500 km long across Central and Eastern Europe, making them the second-longest mountain range in Europe. They provide the habitat for the largest European populations of brown bears, wolves, chamois and lynxes, with the highest concentration in Romania, as well as over one third of all European plant species.The Carpathians and their foothills also have many thermal and mineral waters, with Romania having one-third of the European total. Romania is likewise home to the largest surface of virgin forests in Europe (excluding Russia), totaling 250,000 hectares (65%), most of them in the Carpathians, with the Southern Carpathians constituting Europe’s largest unfragmented forested area.The second-highest range of all Carpathian Mountains is the Southern Carpathians in Romania, where the highest peak s exceed 2,500 m – Moldoveanu Peak in the Fagaras Massif.
In the Romanian part of the main chain of the Carpathians, the most important mountain passes are (starting from the Ukrainian border): the Prislop Pass, Rodna Pass, Tihuţa Pass (also known as Borgo Pass), Bicaz Canyon, Oituz Pass, Buzău Pass, Predeal Pass , the narrow gorge of the Olt Vulcan Pass, Teregova Pass and the Iron Gates of the Danube.
Coverring around 30 % of the surface of Romania, the Carpathian Mountains are one of the most visited part of the country – by motorists, nature enthusiasts and all kind of travelers and tourists.
The Southern Carpathians (Romanian: Carpații Meridionali,) are a group of mountain ranges that divide central and southern Romania, on one side, and Serbia, on the other. They cover the part of the Carpathian Mountains located between the Prahova River in the east and the Timiș and Cerna Rivers in the west. To the south they are bounded by the Balkan mountain range in Serbia. The Southern Carpathians in Romania are home of two of the greatest motorcycle routes in Romania (and some say in Europe). The Transfagarasan (2050m) and the Transalpina (2150m) are two worldwide known mountain roads, with hard turns and curves and breathtaking scenery.
The Eastern Carpathian range in Romania are dividing Transilvania in the west form Moldawia in the east and are the wildest and widest mountain territory, providing to off road fans some of the best an longest tracks in the whole Land.
The West Carpathian mountain island is home of one of the most spectacular carstic landscape of south-eastern Europe, and is also a place where the gravel and offroaf enthusiastic motorcycle driver can roam free and seek out adventure and fun.
The Romanian Carpathian Mountainrange is stretched over numerous historical and ethnographic regions of Romania, engulfing and protecting some of the best places to visit in the country. Maramures, Szkely Land, Bukowina, Transilvania and the eastern part of the Banat are all connected, related and dominated by the Carpathian Mountains and their wild and mostly untouched nature.