Romania as a motorcycle country can and will provide a whole range of landscapes, climatic and man-made surprises to any traveler, and is a “secret” not- so – good known corner of Europe.
The Danube Delta, the high mountain ranges of the Carpathian mountains home of the world famous Transfagarasan and Transalpina, the free beaches on the Black Sea coast and the mild hills and ancient saxon villages of Transilvania (with or without the infamous and bloodthursty Count Dracula) will asurre for the motorcycle traveler a holiday to remember- and good reasons for coming back again and again!
ROMANIA FACTS AND FIGURES
Romania is a unitary semi-presidential republic located insoutheastern-central Europe, north of the Balkan Peninsula and on the western shore of the Black Sea. It bordersHungary, Serbia, Ukraine, Moldova, and Bulgaria. It covers 238,391 square kilometres and has atemperate-continental climate. With its 20.1 million inhabitants, it is the seventh most populous member of the European Union. Its capital and largest city, Bucharest, is the sixth largest city in the European Union.
Romania emerged within the territories of former Roman Empire province Dacia as the principalities of Moldavia andWallachia formed in a 1859 personal union. It gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877, and at the end of World War I, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united with the sovereign Kingdom of Romania. At the end ofWorld War II, territories which today roughly correspond to Moldova were occupied by the Soviet Union and Romania became a socialist republic and member of the Warsaw Pact. Following the 1989 Revolution, Romania began a transition towards democracy and a capitalist market economy.
Since then, the living standards have seen a vast improvement, and currently, Romania is an upper-middle income country with a high Human Development Index. It has been a member of NATO since 2004, and part of the European Union since 2007. Following rapid economic growth in the 2000s, Romania has an economy predominantly based on services, and is a producer and net exporter of machines and electric energy, featuring companies like Automobile Dacia and OMV Petrom. Around 90% of the population identifies themselves as practitioners of Eastern Orthodoxy, and are native speakers of Romanian, a Romance language. With a rich cultural history, Romania has been the home of influential artists, musicians, and inventors, and features a variety of tourist attractions such as “Dracula’s Castle”.
Romania is the largest country in Southeastern Europe and the twelfth-largest in Europe It lies between latitudes 43° and 49° N, and longitudes 20° and 30° E. The terrain is distributed roughly equally between mountains, hills and plains. The Carpathian Mountains dominate the centre of Romania, with 14 mountain ranges reaching above 2,000 m, and the highest point at Moldoveanu Peak (2,544 m). They are surrounded by the Moldavian and Transylvanian plateaus and the Pannonian and Wallachian plains. The Danube river forms a large part of the border with Serbiaand Bulgaria and flows into the Black Sea forming the Danube Delta, the second largest and best preserved delta in Europe, and also a biosphere reserve and a biodiversity World Heritage Site.
Owing to its distance from open sea and position on the Southeastern portion of the European continent, Romania has a climate that is temperate and continental, with four distinct seasons. The average annual temperature is 11 °C (52 °F) in the south and 8 °C (46 °F) in the north. In summer, average maximum temperatures in Bucharest rise to 28 °C (82 °F), and temperatures over 35 °C (95 °F) fairly common in the lower-lying areas of the country. In winter, the average maximum temperature are below 2 °C (36 °F). Precipitation is average, with over 750 mm (30 in) per year only on the highest western mountains, while around Bucharest it drops to around 600 mm (24 in).
A high percentage (47% of the land area) of the country is covered with natural and semi-natural ecosystems. Romania has one of the largest areas of undisturbed forest in Europe covering almost 27% of the territory. The fauna consists of 33,792 species of animals, 33,085 invertebrate and 707 vertebrate with almost 400 unique species of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians, including about 50% of Europe’s (excluding Russia) brown bears and 20% of its wolves. Some 3,700 plant species have been identified in the country, from which to date 23 have been declared natural monuments, 74 missing, 39 endangered, 171 vulnerable and 1,253 rare. There are almost 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) (about 5% of the total area) of protected areas in Romania covering 13 national parks and three biosphere reserves. The Danube Delta, at 5,800 km2 (2,200 sq mi), is the largest continuous marshland in Europe, and supports 1,688 different plant species alone.
Visiting Romania on 2 wheels – it’s a timel travel! Villages and towns, people and nature are smelling, looking and have the apereance as if time have stopped.
Romania is also a land of great contrasts – the newest cars and the most modern buildings are standing near horsewagons and wooden old houses. Romania is a turning table and a mixing pot where east and west meet – and the flavor and feeling of this mystery land is unforgettable for anyone who travels here, enjoying the adventure!